Don't let the lingo defeat you!

Bitcoin is really a new world with its own language. There is a bit of a technical lingo barrier that you can easily overcome by regularly reviewing definitions of key terms in this glossary. 

A bitcoin address is a string of letters and numbers. Your wallet can generate an infinite amount of them and every one is unique

‘Bitcoin Improvement Proposal’ and is how changes to the protocol are submitted, approved and labelled

When expressed using a small ‘b’, the word bitcoin refers to the unit of currency

A set of transactions grouped together and mined successfully by a miner

A chain of successful blocks that are built on top of one-another. Each one linked to its predecessor

A method of storing bitcoin private keys in an environment that is not connected to the internet

When a transaction is mined part of a block is one confirmation. Every subsequent block is an additional confirmation

The set of rules that anyone wanting to participate in the network must follow

An adjustable value that dictates how much computational power is required for miners to mine new blocks.

The value paid to a miner to include a transaction into a block

A dedicated secure device for storing bitcoin private keys in an offline environment

The term given to the action of converting data. Hashing is used by miners to process transactions

The total number of hashes performed by a miner or mining pool expressed in hashes/second

‘Know Your Customer’ is a regulation that requires businesses selling bitcoin to collect identify info on the purchaser

An additional layer built on top of Bitcoin that allows users to send/receive small payments with very low fees

The group of transactions waiting to be included into a block by a miner

A network participant who contributes computational power to process transactions in a bid to earn fees and the block reward

Multi-Signature is a wallet setup that can require more than one private key to authorise a transaction

A computer connected to the Bitcoin network running software required to broadcast, relay and verify transactions

A piece of paper containing the data necessary to store bitcoin offline. This should be kept safe

A unique string of letters and numbers required to store and transact bitcoin. You should not share this with anyone

The method miners strive to achieve to secure the network and include transactions into blocks

Derived from the private key, a public key is used when checking signatures in a transactions

The block reward is given to the first miner to achieve sufficient proof of work. The reward = Block subsidy + all transaction fees for that block. Current block subsidy is 6.25 BTC.

Named after Bitcoin’s anonymous creator and sometimes abbreviated to ‘sat’, a Satoshi is the smallest unit of a bitcoin. 1 bitcoin = 100 million satoshis

The pseudonym that Bitcoin’s creator (or creators) went by before he disappeared from the internet

Segregated Witness is an improvement made in 2017 to increase the network’s scalability

The subsidy is paid to the miner that achieves sufficient proof of work for each block. The current subsidy is 6.25 BTC. This halves every 210,000 blocks (roughly 4 years)

A separate network with an almost identical design to Bitcoin for developers to test out improvements

The Onion Router is an alternative network used by users that want to preserve their online privacy

Transaction Identifier is a unique string of numbers and letters used to label a transaction

An Unspent Transaction Output is the piece of bitcoin spent to a new address which can be used as an input in future transactions

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